This is compelling and essential reading. Webs of Empire Spread across the nineteenth-century colonial world was a tangled web of cultural and economic networks. Print publication: Nov Ebook publication: Dec Pages: ISBN: DOI: Search inside. Media Read New Zealand Books' review here. Comment 'The ideas are so fresh that many readers will finish one chapter eager to see what discoveries will be unveiled in the next. Awards Shortlisted for the Ernest Scott Prize. Mana Tangata.
Huia Tomlins-Jahnke. Indigenous Identity and Resistance. Brendan Hokowhitu. Mark Knights. Indigenous Networks. Jane Carey. Aboriginal Peoples, Colonialism and International Law. Irene Watson. Empire in Question. Reclaiming Patriotism. Tim Soutphommasane. Jurisprudence of Jurisdiction. Shaun Mcveigh. Appropriated Pasts. Ian J. Narratives of Nation in the South Pacific. Ton and Thomas Otto. Terra Australis: Text Classics. Matthew Flinders. Within and Without the Nation. Karen Dubinsky. Rob Mundle. After the Imperial Turn. Susan D. Civility and Empire. Anindyo Roy.
Watkin Tench. An Appreciation of Difference. Melinda Hinkson. Ned Kelly. Ian Jones. Decentring Empire. Durba Ghosh. Modernist Voyages. Anna Snaith. The Reinvention of Primitive Society. Adam Kuper. The Birth of Sydney. Tim Flannery. Planning in Indigenous Australia.
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Sue Jackson. Parihaka Invaded. Dick Scott. Aboriginal Family and the State.
*** WEBS OF EMPIRE: LOCATING NEW ZEALAND'S COLONIAL PASTS by Tony Ballantyne *** | Trade Me
Sally Babidge. Freedom on the Fatal Shore. John Hirst. James Belich. A Concise Companion to Postcolonial Literature. Shirley Chew. Journey to a Hanging. Peter Wells. Taming Cannibals. Patrick Brantlinger. Imperialism and Postcolonialism. Barbara Bush. Quarterly Essay 12 Made in England.
David Malouf. Judith Pryor. By it was the main line of communications between the British and New Zealand governments. In Britain joined the European Community and abrogated its preferential trade agreements with New Zealand see below , forcing New Zealand to not only find new markets, but also re-examine its national identity and place in the world. Life expectancy grew from 49 years in to 60 years in and the total numbers grew rapidly.
The migration led to better pay, higher standards of living and longer schooling, but also exposed problems of racism and discrimination. Urbanisation proceeded rapidly across the land. In the late s, town planners noted that the country was "possibly the third most urbanised country in the world",  with two-thirds of the population living in cities or towns. There was also increasing concern that this trend was badly managed, with it being noted that there was an "ill-defined urban pattern that appears to have few of the truly desirable urban qualities and yet manifests no compensating rural characteristics.
The country's economy suffered in the aftermath of the global energy crisis, the loss of New Zealand's biggest export market upon Britain's entry to the European Economic Community , and rampant inflation. He attempted to maintain New Zealand's "cradle to the grave" welfare state, which dated to Muldoon's response to the crisis also involved imposing a total freeze on wages, prices, interest rates and dividends across the national economy.
Muldoon's conservatism and antagonistic style exacerbated an atmosphere of conflict in New Zealand, most violently expressed during the Springbok Tour. However, Muldoon's government was not entirely backward looking. Some innovations did take place, for example the Closer Economic Relations CER free-trade programme with Australia to liberalise trade, starting in The aim of total free trade between the two countries was achieved in , five years ahead of schedule. In , the Fourth Labour Government , led by David Lange , was elected amid a constitutional and economic crisis. The crisis led the incoming government to review New Zealand's constitutional structures, which resulted in the Constitution Act The economic reforms were led by finance minister Roger Douglas — Dubbed Rogernomics , it was a rapid programme of deregulation and public-asset sales.
Subsidies were phased out to farmers and consumers. High finance was partly deregulated. Restrictions on foreign exchange were relaxed and the dollar was allowed to float and seek its natural level on the world market. The shares exchange entered a bubble, which then burst. Strong criticism of Rogernomics came from the left , especially from Labour's traditional trade union support-base; Lange broke with Douglas's policies in ; both men were forced out and Labour was in confusion.
In keeping with the mood of the s  the government sponsored liberal policies and initiatives in a number of social areas; this included Homosexual Law Reform ,  the introduction of ' no-fault divorce ', reduction in the gender pay gap  and the drafting of a Bill of Rights. Voters unhappy with the rapid speed and far-reaching extent of reforms elected a National government in , led by Jim Bolger. However the new government continued the economic reforms of the previous Labour government, in what was known as Ruthanasia. With the end of the Cold War in , the nation's foreign policy turned increasingly to issues of its nuclear-free status and other military issues; its adjustment to neoliberalism in international trade relations; and its involvement in humanitarian, environmental, and other matters of international diplomacy.
In the 21st century, international tourism is a major contributor to the New Zealand economy , and the service sector more generally has grown. Meanwhile, the traditional agricultural exports of meat, dairy and wool have been supplemented by other products such as fruit, wine and timber as the economy has diversified. For example, employment law was modified to give more protection to workers,  and the student loan system was changed to eliminate interest payments for New Zealand resident students and graduates.
New Zealand retains strong but informal links to Britain, with many young New Zealanders travelling to Britain for their "OE" overseas experience  due to favourable working visa arrangements with Britain. Despite New Zealand's immigration liberalisation in the s, Britons are still the largest group of migrants to New Zealand, due in part to recent immigration law changes which privilege fluent speakers of English.
However, British imperial honours were discontinued in , the Governor-General has taken a more active role in representing New Zealand overseas, and appeals from the Court of Appeal to the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council were replaced by a local Supreme Court of New Zealand in There is public debate about whether New Zealand should became a republic , and public sentiment is divided on the issue. Foreign policy has been essentially independent since the mids.
Under Prime Minister Clark, foreign policy reflected the priorities of liberal internationalism. She stressed the promotion of democracy and human rights; the strengthening of the role of the United Nations; the advancement of anti-militarism and disarmament; and the encouragement of free trade. John Key led the National Party to victory in the November In February , a major earthquake in Christchurch , the nation's third largest urban area, significantly impacted the national economy and the government formed the Canterbury Earthquake Recovery Authority in response.
A Labour-led coalition Government was formed in October Among other issues, it plans to tackle a burgeoning housing shortage crisis in New Zealand. On 15 March , a lone terrorist shooter attacked two Christchurch mosques during Friday Prayer , killing 51 people and injuring 50,  and live-streamed his attack. Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern said it was "one of New Zealand's darkest days",  and she led efforts to support the Muslim community,  called for a ban on semi-automatic rifles,   and initiated the " Christchurch Call " for major technology companies to step up their efforts to combat violent extremism.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Part of a series on the. Timeline Independence Colonial Dominion Military. Music festivals. Music and performing arts. Radio Television Cinema. World Heritage Sites. Flag Coat of arms National anthems. An early map of Australasia during the Golden Age of Dutch exploration and discovery c.
Based on a chart by Joan Blaeu , c. Map of the New Zealand coastline as Cook charted it on his first visit in — The track of the Endeavour is also shown. Main article: Treaty of Waitangi. Main article: Colony of New Zealand. Main article: New Zealand Company. Main article: New Zealand Wars. Main article: Otago Gold Rush. See also: Women's suffrage in New Zealand.
Main article: History of education in New Zealand. Main article: Immigration to New Zealand. See also: South Island nationalism. See also: Socialism in New Zealand. Further information: Welfare in New Zealand. Retrieved 16 January Retrieved 4 May Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. Bibcode : PNAS..
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Nature Communications. Bibcode : NatCo November Retrieved 18 January A maritime history of India. Government of India. Ramachandra Origin and Spread of the Tamils. Adyar Library.
Howe Retrieved 3 June Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute. New Zealand Institute. The Penguin History of New Zealand. A History of the Global Economy.
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- Wind Burn (Fire, Stone & Water Book 4).
- Webs of Empire () - BWB Sales Sheet | New Zealand | Colonialism.
- UBC Press | Webs of Empire - Locating New Zealand's Colonial Past, By Tony Ballantyne;
From to the Present. Cambridge University Press. Among Friends? Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand. Retrieved 14 August Department of Conservation Te Papa Atawhai. Department of Conservation New Zealand. Retrieved 14 April An Encyclopedia of New Zealand Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Cook's Pacific Encounters: Cook-Forster collection. Australia: National Museum of Australia. Retrieved 13 December Maori weapons were generally used in close combat, and the various types of clubs Retrieved 23 September The annihilation of Moriori.
Although the total number of Moriori first slaughtered was said to be around , hundreds more were enslaved and later died.. Australian Heritage. Heritage Australia Publishing. Archived from the original on 28 February Retrieved 27 December Australia: National Archives of Australia. Office of the Attorney General. Retrieved 24 June An Encyclopaedia of New Zealand. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, — 4th ed. Wellington: V. Ward, Govt.
Cambridge: University Press. The Story of the Treaty. Retrieved 28 August NZ History.
- On Gossamer Swans.
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- Brick & Concrete Breaking (Awesome Power Book 2).
- Beyond Positive Thinking: Success and Motivation in the Scriptures.
- Le Mensonge donne des fleurs mais pas de fruits: Tome 1 (MON PETIT EDITE) (French Edition)!
Art New Zealand no. Retrieved 24 December National Library of New Zealand. Otago Daily Times. Making Peoples. Auckland: Penguin Press. Retrieved 15 June Women's Studies International Forum. History Now. Women's History Review. New Zealand Journal of History. NWSA Journal. Retrieved 30 January Fragmenting Societies?